FIGHTING EMISSIONS

It’s no secret engine emissions are a leading contributor to environmental pollution. Today, many countries are facing adverse health and air quality issues that, in part, are directly related to exhaust emissions from a variety of industries. This is why AFC Fuel Additives has made “fighting emission” one of its three pillars in improving the overall quality and performance of your fuel. 

Understanding Emissions

In an ideal world, engines would be perfectly efficient, burning all the fuel that entered the combustion chamber with the only by-products being water, carbon dioxide, and energy (ex. C16H34 + O2 = H2O + CO2 + Energy). Unfortunately, our engines are not 100% efficient, resulting in the creation of harmful emissions. These emissions are the by-products of unburnt fuel (Hydrocarbons).

Click on any of the harmful emissions below to learn more about their health and environmental impacts:

Sulfur Oxides

Carbon Monoxide

Nitrogen Oxides

Hydrocarbons

Particulate Matter

Sulfur Oxides

Carbon Monoxide

Nitrogen Oxides

Hydrocarbons

Particulate Matter

REDUCING EXHUAST EMISSIONS:

With emissions regulation becoming increasingly stringent, many industries relying on fossil fuels are scrambling to meet these new standards. Some address the problem post-combustion by attempting to collect and filter harmful emissions before they enter the atmosphere. Others have adopted more efficient engine technology or bio-blended fuels that yield lower emissions. 

AFC Fuel Additives addresses emissions of hydrocarbon-based fuels at their source, combustion. With addition of a combustion catalyst, AFC ensures more fuel is burnt in the engine for energy as opposed to being send out the exhaust. This approach not only reduces harmful emissions but also results in increases in engine power and overall fuel efficiency.

From smoke opacity to unburned hydrocarbons, various tests of AFC Fuel Additives have shown a significant correlation to decreases in harmful emissions in various forms.

Emissions Case Studies:

Commercial Fuel treatment:

In one case, a Caterpillar hydraulic excavator failed emissions tests twice before being dosed with an AFC Fuel Additive. In less than 200 hours of equipment operation with AFC, opacity tests improved by 32%, dropping from an average opacity of 41% to only 9%. This incredible difference was demonstrated with solely the addition of AFC Fuel Additives.

AFC Fuel Additives have not only been responsible for reductions in fuel emissions, but also for decreases in fuel consumption and increases in engine output. From gasoline to diesel engines, AFC Fuel Additives have been formulated to be compatible with any hydrocarbon-based fuel (i.g. diesel, bio-fuels, gasoline, kerosene, and heavy fuel oil).

Over the past few decades, a majority of commercial vehicles have gravitated towards diesel fuel due to its elevated fuel efficiency over other types of fuel. While more fuel efficient, diesel is still correlated with higher emissions when compared to traditional gasoline. AFC Fuel Additives are engineered to mitigate these harmful emissions while increasing engine efficiency and performance.

TREATING FUEL TANKS OF ALL SIZES:

With a concentrated treatment ratio of 1:5000, just 8oz. of AFC Fuel Additive is able to treat 320 gallons of gasoline or diesel fuel. Also available in 1, 5, and 55 gallon sizes, AFC Fuel Additives are able to provide a viable treatment option for tanks as small as a couple to tens of thousands of gallons in size. For larger applications, AFC is also available in powder form. This form factor significantly reduces the additives weight and size for reduced shipping rates and compact storage. 

From lawnmowers to large marine vessels, AFC Fuel Additive can be used for variety of applications to reduce harmful exhaust emissions while simultaneously improving fuel efficiency and performance. 

The EFFECTS OF HARMFUL EMISSIONS:

Sulfur Oxides

  • At high concentrations, gaseous SOx can harm trees and plants by damaging foliage and decreasing growth
  • SO2 and other sulfur oxides can contribute to acid rain which can harm sensitive ecosystems
  • SO2 and other sulfur oxides can react with other compounds in the atmosphere to form fine particles that reduce visibility (haze)
  • Deposition of particles can also stain and damage stone and other materials, including culturally important objects such as statues and monuments

Carbon Monoxide

  • Breathing air with a high concentration of CO reduces the amount of oxygen that can be transported in the bloodstream to critical organs like the heart and brain
  • When CO levels are elevated outdoors, they can be of particular concern for people with some types of heart disease where the heart needs more oxygen than usual
  • At very high levels, which are possible indoors, CO can cause dizziness, confusion, unconsciousness and death

Nitrogen Oxides

  • Breathing air with a high concentration of NO2 can irritate airways in the human respiratory system and can aggravate respiratory diseases, such as asthma
  • Longer exposures to elevated concentrations of NO2 may contribute to the development of asthma and potentially increase susceptibility to respiratory infections
  • NO2 and other NOx interact with water, oxygen and other chemicals in the atmosphere to form acid rain
  • The nitrate particles that result from NOx make the air hazy and difficult to see though
  • NOx in the atmosphere contributes to nutrient pollution in coastal waters

HydroCarbons

  • Unburnt hydrocarbons are toxic and considered a carcinogen
  • Breathing air with a high concentrations of hydrocarbons has been linked to the development of, asthma, liver disease, lung disease, and cancer
  • Hydrocarbons in the atmosphere can react with sunlight and other pollutants, such as nitrogen oxide and nitrogen dioxide to form Ozone which is a main component of photochemical smog

Particulate Matter

  • Particulate matter less than 10 micrometers in diameter can get deep into your lungs, and some may even get into your bloodstream
  • Particle pollution exposure has been linked to a variety of health problems, including:
    • nonfatal heart attacks
    • irregular heartbeat
    • aggravated asthma
    • decreased lung function
    • increased respiratory symptoms, such as irritation of the airways, coughing or difficulty breathing.
    • premature death in people with heart or lung disease
  • Fine particles (PM2.5) are the main cause of reduced visibility (haze) Particles can be carried over long distances by wind and then settle on ground or water. Depending on their chemical composition, the effects of this settling may include:
    • making lakes and streams acidic
    • changing the nutrient balance in coastal waters and large river basins
    • depleting the nutrients in soil
    • damaging sensitive forests and farm crops
    • contributing to acid rain
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